A computer system is a collection of hardware and software components designed to provide an effective tool for computation. Computer system are used in every walk of life to assist us in the various tasks we perform. The wide availability of the internet has enhance the use of computer for information sharing and communication. Computer system allows us to store, process, display and communicate information. In any modern computer system even a simple one, in general needs several different programs in order to accomplish its various functions.

Sunday, April 18, 2021

Robotics: Integration between computer science and engineering

Word robot was coined by a Czech novelist Karel Capek in a 1920 play titled Rassum’s Universal Robots (RUR). Robot in Czech is a word for worker or servant.

The Robot Institute of America designates a robot as “a reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through various programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks.”

Robotics requires a systems integration approach of concepts from Mechanical, Electrical, Computer, Software Engineering, and Computer Science.

Early robots were all programmed by a method called teach by showing, which involved moving the robot to a desired goal point and recording its position in a memory that the sequencer would read during playback.

Since the arrival of powerful computer, a programming language is used. The robot computer contains a language processor which interpret the task programs and provides the data required by the control program to direct the robot’s motions.

Robotics is already making a remarkable impact in medical care through the development of advanced prosthesis devices as well as robot-assisted surgery.
Robotics: Integration between computer science and engineering

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